Recipients of Nobel Peace Prize insisted that the energy problem caused by the increase in world population must be solved with new and renewable energy and nuclear power.
▲ Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), explained the energy poverty and the role of new and renewable energy in the keynote speech for the “Energy Future Symposium 2012”. At the “Energy Future Symposium 2012” at the Grand Intercontinental Hotel in Samsung-dong, Seoul, Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and ElBaradei, former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pointed the population increase and energy demand in the keynote speech.
They both agreed on preparing an alternative for the future energy demand while confronting the threat of climate change, and suggested new and renewable energy and nuclear power as the solution.
Chairman Pachauri warned, “To maintain the basic life by the growing world population, it is unavoidable that energy consumption will increase. At this rate the world temperature will rise 1.8℃ ~ 4℃ at the end of 21 century due to the increased in energy consumption. He picked the problems in health and food such disease and the decrease in quantity of agricultural production as the result of climate change. And, he predicted the scale is at the level humanity cannot solve.
Chairman Pachauri argued, “In order to solve this, there is a limitation just by adopting to climate change alone. We need to prepare system that alleviate energy demand and environmental problem by using new and renewable energy, and should enhance the strength of system.” Also, he explained, “In order to reduce the energy gap between developed and developing countries, we need to expand the new and renewable energy power by focusing on 1.4 billion people who are not currently receiving the benefit of electricity.”
▲ Mohamed ElBaradei, former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) addressed keynote speech at “Energy Future Symposium 2012”. ElBaradei, former Director General, stressed the role of nuclear power. He stated, “The world population will increase to 9 billion by 2050 and the demand for energy is reaching the level which we cannot handle. Thus, in short-term, nuclear is only means to replace the fossil fuels for the source of massive electricity generation.”
He expressed the importance of nuclear safety management. By noting the Fukushima nuclear accident, he expressed his opinion that, for each nation, the nuclear policy has to raise the technical degree of success by applying stringent controls on nuclear facility and nuclear materials.
ElBaradei, former Director General, revealed, “Even after the Fukushima accident, 437 nuclear power reactors in some 30 countries are still running. If the nuclear materials are carefully managed, nuclear power will act as the key role in the world energy mix for next decades to come.”
◇Mohamed ElBaradei, former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)=Recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005 and served as Director General of IAEA from 1997 to 2009. He has greatly contributed on the peaceful usage and technical development of nuclear energy.
◇ Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)= Recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 and also serves as Director General of TERI, a research and policy organization in India. He is interested in the countermeasures of global warming and identifies global warming as the threat to economical and social breakdown.